Well known for its glorious weather, fabulous beaches, vibrant night life and varied history, Mallorca is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Europe. However, there are many intriguing facts about Mallorca that many people are unaware of.
1.) Mallorca is the largest island in Spain, so it comes as no surprise that its original name derived from the Latin term ‘insula maior’, which translates to ‘larger island’. Over the years the name has gradually changed to Mallorca, incorporating the Castellano ‘ll’ pronunciation.
2.) Mallorca’s history is fascinating. The first recorded settlement dates back to 3000 BC, but ancient burial sites have been unearthed that date back to 6000 BC. The island was invaded by the Romans in 123 BC and was subsequently conquered by the Byzantines, the Moors and King James I of Aragon. Because of this varied history, the architecture and ancient ruins found on the island are very diverse.
3.) Although Mallorca has a population of around 900,000 inhabitants, almost half of these people live in the capital city of Palma.
4.) Mallorca has two large mountain ranges: Serra de Tramuntana and Serres de Llevant. Serra de Tramuntana has recently been awarded UNESCO World Heritage Site status and its highest mountain, Puig Major, is the highest mountain in the entire Balearic region.
5.) It is estimated that over 6,000,000 visitors travel to Mallorca each year. However, it isn’t just holiday-makers who travel to this stunning island. Boasting a varied terrain and over 400km of hiking trails, hikers and cyclists visit Mallorca in vast numbers. In fact, recent figures suggested that over 35,000 cyclists visit Mallorca each year, including both professional and recreational cyclists.
6.) The island’s most spectacular and most visited tourist attraction is La Seu, a huge cathedral that dates back to 1230. A great deal of restoration has been completed over the centuries and recent additions have been created by famous architect Antoni Gaudi.
7.) Mallorca boasts a wonderful collection of cave systems, including Coves del Drach which can be found on the east side of the island. Visitors travel from all over to see the impressive underground lakes, stalagmites and stalactites.
8.) With a glorious Mediterranean climate and average temperatures of 21°c, Mallorca boasts over 300 days of sunshine each year, making it a year-round destination for holiday-makers seeking sun, sea and sand.
9.) There are more than 3,000 restaurants on the island of Mallorca so visitors can indulge themselves on traditional Spanish cuisine, freshly caught seafood and international dishes from all over the world.
10.) Mallorca’s largest nightclub, BCM, boasts the biggest foam machine in the world and is a great place to go to dance the night away and enjoy water, foam and popcorn parties.